Show language picker


One-dimensional consolidation of overconsolidated clay using Constant Rate of Strain testing

The main method for the determination of consolidation parameters in Flanders is still the incremental loading test (IL test). This method can take up to several weeks for some typical Flemish overconsolidated (OC) clays. In theory, the same relationship between settlement and vertical stress can be obtained by performing a constant rate of strain test (CRS test).

The main advantages of a CRS test are that the data is continuous and that the test can often be completed considerably faster than an IL test. In this paper, results of both IL and CRS tests on two undisturbed stiff OC clay samples of the same geological formation (Maldegem formation deposited during the Paleogene period) were compared. CRS tests were performed based on ASTM D4186, but constant stress stages were controlled using effective vertical stress instead of total vertical stress as most important adjustment to the standard. In addition, special attention was paid to the development of initial swell pressure and selecting an appropriate rate of strain for this clay with a very high plasticity.

Similar values for compressibility and hydraulic conductivity were found using both IL and CRS test results. As the duration of a CRS test on this clay with low hydraulic conductivity can also take up to a few weeks, the time saving aspect of the test was found to be limited for the stiff OC clay tested. The uncertainty in estimating the pre-consolidation pressure and swell pressure was smaller using the continuous CRS test results.